Eidgenössische Ethikkommission für die Biotechnologie im Ausserhumanbereich EKAH

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Overview of National and Regional Measures on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing: Challenges and Opportunities in Implementing the Nagoya Protocol

In light of the Protocol’s adoption, it is important to learn lessons from countries that have, or are in the process of putting in place, national ABS measures. Drawing on practical experiences with ABS will highlight where regulatory gaps exist; the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to ABS; and where further measures need to be developed by the COP-MOP or by other international fora, such as the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC), the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), or the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA).

This third edition of the CISDL study reviews the ABS measures in countries from Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, the South Pacific, Africa, Europe, and North America as well as the regional measures of the Andean Community, the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN), the African Union (AU), the European Union (EU), and the Nordic countries. It examines relevant laws and policies, and their provisions on scope, prior informed consent, mutually agreed terms on benefit-sharing, compliance, and monitoring and enforcement, as well as any access agreements that have been granted, or relevant experience gained in the implementation of ABS measures. It also presents a discussion and conclusions on the main legislative challenges to implementing the Protocol.

Zuletzt aktualisiert am: 12.05.2016

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